In January 2003, I Have landed in the beautiful and romantic capital of Puerto Rico - San Juan. The great adventure began. Actually, I could write a whole book about my life on cruise ships and who knows if I will ever do it. I will try to describe the most important things in a concise and brief way.

Currently, one of the  largest passenger ships in the world - INDEPENDENCE OF THE SEAS - displacement of 154.407 GT, 3640 passengers launched in 2008.Currently, one of the largest passenger ships in the world - INDEPENDENCE OF THE SEAS - displacement of 154.407 GT, 3640 passengers launched in 2008.

PASSENGER SHIPS CRUISES - WHAT IS THIS ABOUT?

TYPICAL AND MOST POPULAR PLACES VISITED IN THE CARIBBEAN DURING CRUISESTYPICAL AND MOST POPULAR PLACES VISITED IN THE CARIBBEAN DURING CRUISESCruise and cruise ships colloquially "cruisers", take cruises for tourism, recreation and entertainment . These cruises are usually weekly and last from Saturday to Saturday. However, they are also longer and shorter. For example: 3 days - weekend or 2 weekly, monthly and 3 months around the world .. Such a ship takes passengers on Saturday from the port - the base make a round trip and next Saturday delivers them to the same port .. During the cruise the ship is mainly sailing at night and during the day stays in the ports the beautiful islands visited.

 

 

 

TYPICAL SUN DECK WITH RELAXING PASSENGERSTYPICAL SUN DECK WITH RELAXING PASSENGERS

During the day, the passengers go to the visited islands and corners. They spend time exploring, shopping, practicing water sports or sunbathing on the beautiful beaches. In the evening everyone returns to the ship and usually around 18.00 the ship is sailing out towards the next island, which arrives at 8.00 am the next morning. After all-day attractions, passengers come to an exquisite dinner on the ship. After eating and drinking, they participate in the whole palette of entertainment attractions. They have a choice of Broadway musical, cinema, cabaret, performances of illusionists, music band concert, auctions of works of art, shopping at duty-free shopping center, massage and wellness salons, casino, disco, festive ball, country music club, karaoke club, dance club , youth club, kindergarten, of course, there are jacuzzi and pools on the sunny deck of the ship. Etc. etc ... or presentations what to do tomorrow and how to spend time on another beautiful island, where presenters also prepare leaflets with available attractions and trips on the next islands.

TYPICAL LOUNGE – SHIP’S SHOPPING CENTERTYPICAL LOUNGE – SHIP’S SHOPPING CENTER

All these attractions start at certain times and hours places. They are published in the daily ship's newspaper. Thanks to this newspaper, it is much easier for passengers to embrace and participate in all these numerous attractions. In such weeks cruises – there is usually 1 day and sometimes 2 days at sea, that is, there are days when ships do not arrive at any beautiful places and passengers spend their time and money on the ship. The number of attractions and ways of spending free time is even greater. There are usually many proposals for spending time outdoors, i.e. on the sunny deck of the ship. Lots of sports competitions and water games. Water aerobic exercises, callanetics etc. Of course, all the time the performances of music bands accompanying passengers, ice sculpture shows, mini golf, climbing wall, diving lessons, etc....

SPORTS COMPETITIONS IN THE POOLS - ONE OF THE POPULAR WAY FOR SPENDING TIMESPORTS COMPETITIONS IN THE POOLS - ONE OF THE POPULAR WAY FOR SPENDING TIME

Often on such days at sea there are organized a Big parties in the open air are organized in the evenings. The program of such events includes, for example: a beauty contest, a hula-hup competition, a karaoke, a dance band conducting a show with a group dance, etc ... etc ... Of course, the live band is playing all the time. And people in the evening, dance in the open air, play, drink and eat and romance.

TYPICAL SECTION OF A MODERN CRUISE VESSELTYPICAL SECTION OF A MODERN CRUISE VESSEL

An important day in this business is every Saturday. It is always carried out on this day huge, cosmic logistics operations. First, in the morning, after breakfast, 3000 passengers are unloaded with several thousand pieces of luggage. In a very short time rooms are being cleaned and prepared for the arrival of the next 3,000 passengers who are moving in on the same day from 1 PM, along with a few thousand pieces of your luggage. Added to this is the loading of many tons of food items needed to feed 4000 people (3000 passengers + 1000 crew) during a weekly voyage. Loading of many tons of fuel oil and diesel for the whole week. Landing of used diesel oil, petroleum waste, many tons of garbage, many tons of sewage waste. Such ports and bases are usually large American cities such as MIAMI, LOS ANGELES, SAN DIEGO, SEATTLE, SAN FRANCISCO or SAN JUAN at PUERTO RICO. In Europe, it is BARCELONA, VENICE and ROME.

MUSICAL THE STORY - THE MUSICAL IS PLAYED ON ONE OF THE VESSELSMUSICAL THE STORY - THE MUSICAL IS PLAYED ON ONE OF THE VESSELS

Each such ship has its incinerator and garbage press and unloads what has been burned and recycled and what has been compressed and processed, the ship has its own huge refrigerators, freezers, warehouses, its independent mini power plant that consumes the ship's electricity as well that produces hot water for washing, its independent system ventilation and air conditioning, her sewage network, her telephone network, her gas network, her own laundry and ironing rooms, tailors, saddlers, her own television program producing her own programs and broadcasting a lot of satellite television programs received thanks to satellite, ship and satellite radio, her own daily newspaper and printing house, library, video and DVD rental, computer games room, Internet cafes, satellite telephone connection with land, her own small hospital, pharmacy and medical clinic, her own security system in the form of alarms, fire extinguishers, hoses and fire-fighting systems, protection of the ship, i.e. a ship's police composed of up to 20 people subject only to the captain of the ship. As you can see, such ships are floating small cities and recreational and tourist centers. The largest vessels I used to sail and work on were 18 floors, of which 15 were above water and 3 under water. 300 meters long, 60 meters high, 108 thousand ton of tonnage. 3,600 passengers and 1,200 crew members. For comparison, the famous TITANIC had 46 thousand. ton of tonnage, polish STEFAN BATORY 15 thousands tons, and currently launched in 2018 , the largest passenger ship in the world SYMPHONY OF THE SEAS has 228 thousand tons of tonnage.

 CURRENT WORLD CRUISE ROUTE - 135 DAYS OF AROUND THE WORLD BY MV SEVEN SEAS VOYAGER  CURRENT WORLD CRUISE ROUTE - 135 DAYS OF AROUND THE WORLD BY MV SEVEN SEAS VOYAGER

 NIGHT CLUB - HOT COOL DANCE CLUB - TYPICAL CLUB AT CRUISE SHIPSNIGHT CLUB - HOT COOL DANCE CLUB - TYPICAL CLUB AT CRUISE SHIPS

 ONE OF THE MAIN CRUISES - SAN JUAN, CAPITAL OF PUERTO RICO. THE LARGEST HISTORIC FORT AND OLD TOWN AT CARIBBEANONE OF THE MAIN CRUISES - SAN JUAN, CAPITAL OF PUERTO RICO. THE LARGEST HISTORIC FORT AND OLD TOWN AT CARIBBEAN

 

CRUISE SHIPS INDUSTRY

SHIPS IN ONE OF THE BAHAMA ISLANDS PORT - POPULAR  CRUISES DESTINATIONSHIPS IN ONE OF THE BAHAMA ISLANDS PORT - POPULAR CRUISES DESTINATION

Cruise ships, on which I had the opportunity to live and work, are among the largest, most modern and most beautiful ships in the industry. It is a relatively young sector, but very profitable and dynamically developing. Currently, the top 5 corporations of CARNIVAL, ROYAL CARIBBEAN, NORWEGIAN, MSC CRUISES and GETING HONG KONG are leading the industry. The first 3 are American corporations and the fourth one is Swiss-Italian and the fifth one is Chinese. In general, the Americans have mastered this industry and most of the major companies are American. In the hands of Europeans, there are few companies usually with smaller vessels. Some of them were taken over and bought by the Americans. There are still a few English, German, Spanish, Italian, Norwegian, Greek and Swiss companies. Several companies also have Japanese, Chinese and Australians. The largest and most important in this industry is 8 companies, the so-called GREAT EIGHTH. They support a larger part of the market and these eight companies belong to the three above-mentioned corporations. As many as 6 of these 8 companies belong to the Americans. The largest corporations like CARNIVAL consist of many companies - brands. The largest corporation in the industry in the world is CARNIVAL because it owns as many as 5 of these 8 largest companies and, in addition, it has several smaller ones. The 5 largest companies belonging to this corporation are: CARNIVAL CRUISES, PRINCESS CRUISES, HOLAND AMERICA, an Italian COSTA CROCIERE and German AIDA CRUISES. I have worked first in the US company PRINCESS CRUISES and then in the American ROYAL CARIBBEAN.

THE WORLD CRUISE SHIPS INDUSTRY  CAPITAL - MIAMI, USATHE WORLD CRUISE SHIPS INDUSTRY CAPITAL - MIAMI, USA 

The largest cruise and passenger port in the world and the global headquarters and center of this industry is MIAMI in Florida, USA. I have also spent a lot of time there. This is where the majority of cruises in the Caribbean begin and end, which is a region where this type of tourism and recreation is the most developed. This is due to: very high attractiveness of the region and close proximity to the US (the majority of passengers are still citizens of this country), as well as a specific fit of the region, where there are many very attractive tourist islands located on a relatively small area in close proximity to America . Of course, there is also a convenient, warm, tropical climate and stable political situation in the region. It is not far from Europe either. The season actually lasts a whole year and in such Mediterranean it is 6-7 months.

CARNIVAL PLC CORPORATION BRANDS / COMPANIESCARNIVAL PLC CORPORATION BRANDS / COMPANIES

CARNIVAL in the annual classifications of the FORBES magazine is recently in 310 place the largest companies in the world in general. For comparison, currently the largest Polish company PKO BP is listed at 845th place. In the entire tourism and hotel industry, CARNIVAL is in first place, ahead of all major hotel chains and tourist companies. In the tourism and hotel-gastronomy industry, also grouping restaurants, bars, pubs, etc. ... he was in second place in the world only for MCDONALD. CARNIVAL alone employs over 81,000 people, of which about 1,500 Poles. CARNIVAL and ROYAL CARIBBEAN are such IBM and MICROSOFT computer industry. The largest capital, profits, opportunities, latest technologies, the most modern, space equipment, space - military logistics and organization.

It is a very specific and unique industry. These companies work with employment agencies around the world, usually under a license agreement. So these companies are recruiting and employing employees from around the world. In Poland, they also cooperate with several agencies.

The busiest ports of call in the Caribbean for cruisingThe busiest ports of call in the Caribbean for cruising

The ownership and legal system of these companies is complicated. For example, the CARNIVALA Corporation has an American owner and is listed on both the New York Stock Exchange and London. Ships are registered in the Bahamas and Bermuda and use the flags of these countries. Consequently, the Bahamas or Bermuda law is formally in force on ships, although in practice it is a separate ship and company law with a lot of American regulations. As you can see, there are good proprietary, legal and financial-tax combinations in this industry. It is estimated that currently about 5,000 Poles work in the entire cruise ships industry. Similar industries are: the sea ferry industry, cruise ship industry and the luxury yacht industry.

SOME HISTORY

The cruise industry is very young and has developed from the passenger ship industry of so-called transatlantic vessels in the 1960s and 1970s. The immediate cause was a sharp decline in passenger transport at sea at the expense of the development of air connections. It was caused by the development of aviation technology and the competition of this industry in passenger transport. Passenger ship companies began to lose profits and customers rapidly. In the years after the Second World War, many ships and companies disappeared.

TITANIC 1912 before the catastrophe - reconstruction  photoTITANIC 1912 before the catastrophe - reconstruction photo

First companies offering a new one started to appear on this place type of cruise. Not a cruise offering a maritime transport connection, i.e. a passenger transport, e.g. STEFAN BATORY from Gdynia to New York, but cruises offering a trip. Communication connections have taken over aviation. The post-war economic boom in the West provided more and more potential customers who could afford such cruises. The development of ship technology was also used in this industry by building more and more ships for an increasing number of passengers, which enabled a price reduction and increased and popularized the availability of cruises for the increasingly larger and wealthier middle class.

LEGENDY SHIP - QUEEN MARY – CURRENTLY MUSEUM SHIP  IN LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, USALEGENDY SHIP - QUEEN MARY – CURRENTLY MUSEUM SHIP IN LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA, USA

The passenger ships industry in its primary communication function was flourishing and GOLDEN PERIOD in 1890-1940. It was the period of the steam engine, the heyday of the British Empire and communication between the British colonies around the world. The period of peak and increased European emigration to the USA, especially in the years 1890-1920. At that time, the majority of Poles emigrated to the United States with such transatlantic ones. Companies that transport people on transatlantic routes and other oceans earned a lot. The period of profits, however, ended after the Second World War together with the dynamic development of passenger aviation. The creation of fast air connections put its purpose in question, creating an unprecedented crisis situation, which - it seemed - was to seal the fate of the entire passenger shipbuilding industry. But this did not happen, because it was realized that the sea is perfect for collective leisure.

 POLISH THE MOST KNOWN PASSENGER SHIP - TSS STEFAN BATORY 1968-88POLISH THE MOST KNOWN PASSENGER SHIP - TSS STEFAN BATORY 1968-88 

 

THE WORLD RACE OF THE LARGEST PASSENGER SHIP ( www.shipbuildinghistory.com)

YEAR

NAME

TONNAGE IN THOUSANDS

FIRMA

COMPANY STATE-OWNER (REGISTRATION)

1901

1905

1905

1906

1907

1911

1912

1913

1914

1914

1935

1936

1940

1996

1997

1999

2000

2004

2006

2009

2016

2018

CELTIC

AMERICA

BALTIC

KAISERIN AUGUSTE VICTORIA

LUISTANIA

OLYMPIC

TITANIC

IMPERATOR

VATERLAND

BISMARCK(od1922 MAJESTIC)

NORMANDIE

QUEEN MARY

QUEEN ELIZABETH

CARNIVAL DESTINY

GRAND PRINCESS

VOYAGER OF THE SEAS

EXPLORER OF THE SEAS

QUEEN MARY 2

FREEDOM OF THE SEAS

OASIS OF THE SEAS

HARMONY OF THE SEAS   

SYMPHONY OF THE SEAS  

21,035

22,225

23,876

24,581

31,550

45,234

46,329

52,117

54,282

56,551

79,280

81,237

83,673

101,509

108,865

137,276

137,308

148,528

154,407

225,282

227,700  

228,081  

WHITE-STAR

HAPAG

WHITE-STAR

HAPAG

CUNARD

WHITE STAR

WHITE STAR

HAPAG

HAPAG

HAPAG(od 22 WHITE STAR)

COMP. GENER. TRANSATL

CUNARD-WHITE STAR

CUNARD-WHITE STAR

CARNIVAL

PRINCESS CRUISES

ROYAL CARIBBEAN

ROYAL CARIBBEAN

CUNARD

ROYAL CARIBBEAN

ROYAL CARIBBEAN

ROYAL CARIBBEAN  

ROYAL CARIBBEAN  

UK

GERMANY

UK

GERMANY

UK

UK

UK

GERMANY

GERMANY

GERMANY (from 1922 UK)

FRANCJA

UK

UK

USA (BAHAMAS)

USA / UK (BERMUDA)

USA / NORWEGIA (BAHAMAS)

USA / NORWEGIA (BAHAMAS)

USA/UK(UK)

USA / NORWEGIA (BAHAMAS)

USA / NORWEGIA (BAHAMAS)

USA / NORWEGIA (BAHAMAS)

USA / NORWEGIA (BAHAMAS)

LAUNCHED IN NOVEMBER 2009 ONE OF THE LARGEST CRUISE SHIP - OASIS OF THE SEAS 222,000 GT, 5400 PASSENGERSLAUNCHED IN NOVEMBER 2009 ONE OF THE LARGEST CRUISE SHIP - OASIS OF THE SEAS 222,000 GT, 5400 PASSENGERS

The inaugural flight of a Panam jet airplane between the United States and Europe in 1958 can be considered the date of commencement of sea tourism. For this event, passenger cruises were treated almost exclusively as a transcontinental means of transport. At that time, the vessels adapted so far from transport passengers to cruise and passenger vessels were gradually rebuilt. It did not turn out to be easy: it had to be equipped with comfort comparable to what was practiced in the best hotels on land, and above all, to eliminate the anti-democratic division into two or even three classes. However, the age of vessels, and above all their small displacement, generally stood in the way. To understand this, you need to be aware of two facts. Firstly, ship-owners of passenger ships bear primarily fixed costs; The cost of consumed marine fuel, depreciation and expenditure on staff salaries are relatively small depending on the number of passengers carried. Secondly, people who spend holidays at sea pay for them with their own money, have a limited budget and compare it with the offer of holiday resorts on land. Therefore, achieving profitability can not be based on the high prices of shipowners, but only on the effective sale of a large number of tickets. However, it is necessarily limited by the buoyancy of the ship. For example, a gathering of two thousand people on a 15,000-ton unit would create conditions similar to those in the can of sardines! That's why the growing cruise industry was so much needed large, larger, bigger and ... larger ships!

LOVE BOAT - A LEGENDARY MOVIE SERIES THAT IN THE 70-TIES PROMOTED  CRUISES  AND CRUISE SHIPSLOVE BOAT - A LEGENDARY MOVIE SERIES THAT IN THE 70-TIES PROMOTED CRUISES AND CRUISE SHIPS

In addition, due to the competition between the shipowners, the prices of cruises decreased in parallel with the increase in the size of vessels. There was a kind of feedback: the bigger they were ships, the cheaper were the cruises - this resulted in increased demand and stimulated the construction of even more buoyant vessels. The result was a doubling in the size of the ships in operation in just ten years from the described history of "love boat": in the autumn of 1999 they increased from the mentioned 73,000 GRT to the gigantic 158,000 GRT.


Few people in Europe are aware of the great economic event at the turn of the 20th and 21st century in the expansion of the cruise industry cruise. The Old Continent (and Asia) remained slightly out of the way towards him and 54% of passengers of modern stays at sea are people purchasing passenger cruises in the USA. There have been 25 million of them lately - more than 25 times over 35 years. At the same time, the average price of stay at sea (usually expressed as PPD: person per day) dropped from 320 USD to 135 USD (in a double cabin with a window - the so-called external one). And it is not without quality reduction, but with its growth!

Mariusz Sokołowski

Batory Recruitment    |    +48 794340060    |    recruit@batory.eu
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